Chinese people, the descendants of the Loong
Chinese people believe that they are descendants of the Loong. The Chinese Loong is the celestial being rather than the dragon. Chinese totem worship of the Loong can be traced back to at least 5500 years ago in the Hongshan culture period. Loong was frequently utilised in paintings, sculptures and architecture in ancient China. The ancient Chinese emperor called himself the real Loong, the son of Heaven. If any cultural symbol can represent the Chinese people, it must be the Loong.
What is a Loong?
According to Mr. Wang Fu, a scholar of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the Loong is a legendary creature which antlers resemble those of a stag, his head that of a camel, his eyes those of a rabbit, his body that of a snake, his belly that of a clam, his scales those of a carp, his claws those of an eagle, his soles those of a tiger, his nose those of a cow. See figure 1.
Figure 1: Dragon and the composition of the dragon animal elements
According to a Chinese legend, the loong evolved from the carp. If a carp in the Yellow River can leap out of water and fly across the Yumenkou Waterfall, namely the ‘Loong Gate’, it will immortalise as a real Loong. To fulfil this dream, carps need to be upstream, overcome countless difficulties and make great efforts. See figure 2.
Figure 2: A carp is flying across the Loong gate
Chinese Loong culture indicated that Chinese people are magnanimous, industrious and courageous. They embrace a variety of cultures, and then optimise and integrate these cultures into a stronger culture. They are willing to keep forging ahead with ideals, even if immediate difficulties need to be faced. It is devoutly to be wished that students from all over the world can get along with their Chinese “Loong” classmates.